In-depth examination about whether open or closed-door adoption processes are in the best interest of the child.
The study examines previously published literature in the quest to find an answer. In addition the study explores several child theories regarding the best interest of the child when it comes to having open or closed adoptions. The study concludes that open adoption is the best solution for the general well being of the child. Abstract Introduction Hypothesis Theoretical Considerations Discussion on child theories Methodology Literature Review Conclusion
Years ago, the adoption process was rather straightforward. A couple submitted application forms, received an investigation, a home study and approval and then began the wait for a baby. In the meantime pregnant women, a large majority of them unwed, would wait out their term knowing they would go through labor only to give the baby up following delivery. The birth mother would not ever lay eyes on the adoptive parents and the adoptive parents would never meet the birth mother. It would all be handled by a middle agency who would gather the necessary information, medical histories, fees and arrange the transfer of the child from the birth parent to the adoptive parent. Case closed. Following the transfer the birth mother would never be allowed to know anything about her child. History is filled with stories of birth mothers crying each year on the birthday of the child they gave up. In addition there are adopted adults throughout the world who know they were adopted and have unanswered questions about their parentage and blood lines. There are adoptive parents fighting to change the genetic blueprint of their adoptive child while knowing very little about the history of that child’s family regarding personality traits, mental illness or medical problems. In all of this the victim has been the child. The child has been the center of the adoption debate whether it was about protecting that child by not divulging valuable information about the birth family or about protecting the child from even knowing he or she was adopted.