This paper focuses on the period of unification of the Persian Empire, which was accomplished under Darius, who ruled from 522 B.C. to 486 B.C. It examines the changes and advances that Darius achieved during this ruling period. The writer concludes that the period reflects the diversity of the empire and proclaims a single theme–a harmonious world order thanks to a benevolent and beneficent king.
From the Paper:
“The Achaemenid Persian Empire, founded by Cyrus, centered on southwest Iran and lower Mesopotamia. Cyrus enlarged the empire by seizing the kingdom of Lydia in 547 BC and gradually adsorbing Greek colonies in Ionia, in western Asia Minor. He called this the Achaemenid Empire, after his ancestor, Achaemenes. Under Darius I, it reached its greatest extent, stretching from the Aegean Sea to the Indus River, from Egypt to the modern Central Asian Republics. The empire was vast and its people diverse. The twenty-six different subject peoples of the land spoke different languages, worshiped different gods, lived in different environments and had widely differing social customs.”